Automobile accidents that result in head injury can leave a victim of such a devastating circumstance permanently disabled. Many brain injuries are caused by a car vehicle passenger or driver hitting their heads with tremendous force on windows, dashboards, or windshields of automobiles. The human skull, while hard and designed to protect the brain from minor shocks and bumps, does not provide enough protection to the brain in a high impact blow to the head.
Closed Head Injuries
While open head wounds are obvious to medical personnel treating the injured, in the event of a closed head wound – no outward signs of injury or distress – the injured individual is in grave danger of being misdiagnosed and released from medical care without the proper examination and medical assistance.
Monitoring a Head Injury
For a closed head injury, the damage occurs internally to the brain and spinal cord. Concussions account for a large number of closed brain injury. A concussion can cause a victim to feel dizzy, confused, tired, and nauseated. Most often, a headache also follows the concussion. It is important for the patient’s well-being to be closely monitored in case there is a loss of consciousness which could lead to coma and death if the injury is more severe than previously thought.
Emergency Medical Treatment
A closed head injury following an automobile accident can be even more serious than a simple concussion. In many cases, the injured develop bleeding and swelling of the brain. This is a very urgent medical situation that in most cases requires surgical intervention to alleviate the pressure to the brain caused by the collection of blood and fluid in such an enclosed and space-limited area as the skull. If the pressure is not relieved in time, the resulting pressure could cause potentially severe brain damage or even death. In many cases, cognitive, physical, and speech deficits are the result of closed head injury.
Some of the resulting damage may be permanent. A greatly overlooked consequence of head injuries is that of the psychological status of the injured. Quite often individuals who have sustained head injuries appear to physically improve to that of their previous healthy state. However, once the individual resumes their normal daily routine prior to the injury, mental issues and psychological changes become evident. Psychological damage from a brain injury tends to be noticed by those who interact with the injured person on a regular basis such as family, friends, and coworkers. Psychological consequences of a brain injury may be minor or major, depending upon the area of the brain that has been effected.
Coping with Head Injuries
One of the tragic end results of head injuries is that the injured party may realize the difference. Anxiety, frustration, and depression are common after effects of such a devastating injury. For individuals who may be unable to resume their normal career, job, or responsibilities due to the head injury, there is assistance available through disability compensation programs that are state and federally sponsored to help supplement the injured individual’s income in order to relieve some of the financial burden that may have resulted from the injury.